Rose Rock’s Instruments
ROSE ROCK performs on authentically crafted replicas of period instruments such as these shown below.
THE CANTIGA INSTRUMENTS
Replicas modeled after illuminations in the Cantigas de Santa Maria.
Alfonso X, King of Castile in the 13th Century, commisioned a collection of songs to Mary, mother of Jesus.
Every tenth song was illustrated with a pair of musicians playing instruments of the period.
Picturing Christians, Jews, and Muslims, these images are a rich resource for studying early music and instruments.
Hog-nose Psaltery (Zither)
Psaltery (Zither), Rectangular
Psaltery (Zither), Trapezoidal
THE ELDERS’ INSTRUMENTS
Reconstructions based on sculptures found on the Portico de Gloria in Santiago de Compostela.
These cathedral sculptures depict the twenty-four elders of the Book of Revelation playing their stringed instruments.
Orpharion – modeled after the Palmer Orpharion in the Musikhistorisk Museum, Copenhagen, Denmark
Citole – Based on the British Museum Citole, one of the oldest extant stringed instruments.
Nyckelharpa – A traditional Swedish folk instrument derived from the viola a chiavi as in this fresco by Taddeo di Bartolo, 1408
Citole – Modeled after this Stuttgart Psalter illumination, circa 830.
Citole – As seen in the sculpture by Benedetto Antelami, circa 1180, from a Baptistry in Parma, Italy
Mandora – Following Kircher’s description in Musurgia Universalis
Renaissance Guitar – Inspired by Vermeer’s “The Guitar Player”
Vielle – As shown in a treatise by Sebastian Virdung, 1511
Vielle – As depicted in Hans Memling’s “Angel Musicians”, 1480s
Cittern – Similar to those in Mersenne's Harmonie Universelle, 1636
Lute – Angel Musicians, Hans Memling, 1480
Rebec - "King David with musicians" from Koninklijke Bibliotheek, The Hague, MS 76E II
Gittern - Painting at Pamplona Cathedral, Juan Oliver, 1330.
(This one has modern tuners and a mic clip since it’s used in outdoor performances.)
Harp - Based on the 14th Century Brian Boru Harp at Trinity College Harp, Dublin
Hummel - Based on the 17th Century models in Nordiska Museet.
Monochord – Not exactly a musical instrument, but an instrument for studying music.
Pythagoras is said to have used a monochord to discover the rudiments of pitch and harmony.
Citole – This is a composite design with scalloped frets.
Lyre – As described in the myth of Hermes